Gun Control Ideas

June 20th, 2016 by rlaager

This is an excerpt from a Facebook discussion about gun control.

First, I recommend everyone read this link, which started the discussion: https://popehat.com/2015/12/07/talking-productively-about-guns/

[In the comment thread, someone suggested licensing, registration, and insurance. Another person then made a comparison to cars.]

I think one can make a reasonable argument that training and licensing is keeping with the “well-regulated” spirit of the amendment. That said, it will do nothing to stop people who steal the guns from their relatives (like multiple recent mass shooters), or this last guy who was licensed and trained.

I don’t think the insurance thing would help, unless you’re also proposing a radically different type of insurance than we’re used to. If someone steals my car, I’m not liable for what they do, and thus my liability insurance is irrelevant. If I use my car to kill a bunch of people and myself, that’s criminal and my insurance doesn’t have to pay; I’m liable, but that’s irrelevant if I’m dead and have no assets.

Here are some ideas I like (numbered for identification, not for priority or order):

1) Spend as much money as it takes to investigate each-and-every NICS denial and prosecute 100% of those which were legitimate denials. Every. Single. One. Right now, we prosecute less than 0.1%! Can you imagine any other scenario where the government literally directly says, “No, what you(r customer) just tried to do is illegal.” and then prosecutes essentially nobody?

2) Fix issues where certain data (especially mental health data) that is already supposed to make it into NICS is not making it into NICS in some cases. (I don’t recall the details of this problem off the top of my head.) But, we need to be careful and ensure that simply seeing a counselor doesn’t result in a gun rights revocation, or it will disincentivize people from getting help.

I don’t know how much the above will help, but it’s unreasonable to ask for more laws when the existing ones aren’t being enforced.

Other measures might be okay, but they definitely need safeguards. For example:

3) Require NICS checks for non-family private transfers. But, only real sales, not loaning your gun to your friend at the range. And, if you call NICS and they can’t process with X minutes (say 5 or 10) or you get no answer having called twice waiting Y minutes (say 3 or 5) in between, that counts as an approval. This rule is critical, because otherwise the government can enact a de facto gun ban by simply defunding the background checks.

On the other hand, laws need to respect civil rights and be evidence-based:

4) Eliminate Gun Free Zones. This is a violation of people’s rights. Research shows it makes things worse, not better. Criminals who are going to commit murder don’t care about another charge, especially if they’re going to kill themselves anyway. These laws just disarm potential victims.

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Suggestions to ban only rifles (or subsets thereof) are a bad idea. Not only do more murders use knives than rifles, but more murders use no weapon at all (fists, etc.) than rifles: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2014/crime-in-the-u.s.-2014/tables/expanded-homicide-data/expanded_homicide_data_table_8_murder_victims_by_weapon_2010-2014.xls Rifles are a very small portion of the murder problem. And, if we outlawed rifles but not handguns, then I suspect a lot of the rifle murders would just become handgun murders.

The typical bans suggested are: 1) all guns, 2) handguns, 3) “scary-looking” rifles (assault weapons ban). It’s well-established (even by gun control supporters) that the assault weapons ban accomplished nothing.

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I think the most important question that people ask themselves is: what problem do I want to solve?

If the question is, as was brought up, “The legal system should honor the original meaning of the 2nd Amendment.”, well, I think SCOTUS needs to go a lot further (further than even I would support) in what is allowed. To justify the current limits on paper, I think we’d have to amend the constitution to limit the 2nd amendment.

If the question is, “Guns are inherently a dangerous tool and should be regulated accordingly.”, I personally want enforcement (since we have essentially none), plus I’m at least open to (and think I want) a few more limits. When you get outside of sound bites, I found that many other pro-gun rights people I talk to agree with me. The other day, I saw some poll numbers that suggests a majority of the public supports the additional limits I mentioned. Granted, I also want to repeal one limit, too.

If the question is, “What can we do about mass murders?”, I honestly don’t know. Not making the killers infamous might help a little. Tackling social problems is probably the best approach. Any popular proposed gun rule I’ve heard short of a total gun ban (to the extent it would even be possible) would not have stopped one or more recent mass shooters. And, there’s a risk some might move to bombs; it wouldn’t take many people moving to bombs to end up with the same total death toll, since bombs are even more deadly. Rights aside, I cannot support a complete ban, because I believe it will increase innocent deaths. We would trade less mass murder victims for more routine crime victims.

If the question is, “What can we do about total crime deaths?”, I think the answer is similar, but also involves approaching drug use in a public-health way rather than a criminal-law way. Tobacco is a public health problem, but Philip Morris isn’t having shootouts with its competitors.

If the question is, “What can we do about suicides?”, I’m not sure. I really, really want to reduce depressive suicides. But if people were driving their cars off cliffs, I wouldn’t want to ban cars. I’m not sure if there’s a middle ground with guns that helps. But I do think we need to spend more money, time, and attention on mental health. Our local hospital is booked up a month or two out; that’s completely unacceptable for people who need help now.

If the question is, “How can I get rid of all guns, because I don’t think anyone should have guns.”, my answer is that you don’t have the right to decide that for me.

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